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Habitats - Walls

Grasslands are excellent for insects, with plenty of wildflowers for nectar/pollen collecting insects such as moths, butterflies and bumblebees. The white flowers of Greater stitchwort (Stellaria holostea) can be seen from April through to June, and the purple-headed Knapweed (Centaurea nigra).

You may also see a carpet of small groundlayer golden flowers called Tormentil. The yellow flowers of Birds Foot Trefoil (members of the pea family) sometimes called ‘dutchmans’ clogs’ or ‘ladys’ slippers’, or even ‘eggs and bacon’ alluding to the yolky yellow colouration of the flowers, often streaked with a bright red, can commonly be seen.

Some of the grasslands along the trail are sites which would formerly have been ancient woodland which has been cleared; this is evident from the presence of Red Tailed BumblebeeBluebells (a woodland species).Grasslands are popular with bumblebees, of which there are 25 species found in the UK. You may spot the distinctive Red-Tailed Bumblebee, (picture) which is entirely black with a red tail end (from early spring, and throughout the summer).